Can a collapse of global civilization be avoided?Throughout our history environmental problems have contributed to collapses of civilizations
The Royal Society’s motto ‘Nullius in verba’ is taken to mean ‘take nobody’s word for it’. It is an expression of the determination of Fellows to withstand the domination of authority and to verify all statements by an appeal to facts determined by experiment.
In the early days of World Wide Web it was based on Social Society between some people who was testing a new Way to communicate – it was an experiment based on the complication that computers in these days was talking different programs. The PC Computers was born from the very early computer known as the EDSAC that was considered to be the first stored program electronic computer. The computer performed its first calculation on May 6, 1949 and was the computer that ran the first graphical computer game, nicknamed “Baby”.
Around the same time, the Manchester Mark 1 was another computer that could run stored programs. Built at the Victoria University of Manchester, the first version of the Mark 1 computer became operational in April 1949. Mark 1 was used to run a program to search for Mersenne primes for nine hours without error on June 16 and 17 that same year.
From that day the technology flow and we got the first workstation as considered to be the Xerox Alto, introduced in 1974. The computer was revolutionary for its time and included a fully functional computer, display, and mouse. The computer operated like many computers today utilizing windows, menus and icons as an interface to its operating system. Many of the computer’s capabilities were first demonstrated in The Mother of All Demos by Douglas Engelbart on December 9, 1968.
The computers began to be smaller and smaller, from a size of a room to a handy workstation that could stand on a table.
Two companies was born in this capture: Apple and IBM . But we also get Commodore and Amiga as well with the dos programming feature and these was the first to develope the CD media for showing multimedia programs – in fact The Commodore CDTV (Commodore Dynamic Total Vision) is a computer in disguise – as an interactive multimedia and entertainment system, designed to complement the typical home entertainment system. At the time they were also investigating medicine. The different side-effects commonly found in conventional medicine were studied, as well as several forms of alternative medicine. You can go here to Learn more about medicine.
It was launched in March 1991 at the winter CES in Las Vegas, and was the first CD-ROM based consumer device on the market, although others followed shortly after. With the ability to play standard audio music, CD+G (graphics), and proprietary CDXL format CD-ROM disks, the CDTV owner has plenty to choose from – music, games, entertaiment, even limited motion video.
Under the hood, the CDTV is based on the Amiga 500, a personal computer which Commodore released four years earlier in 1987. New additions include the internal proprietary CD-ROM drive, built-in MIDI support, and a wireless infrared controller. – it was called the Commodore CDTV – and could show colourfull programs for virtual use of “learn to play music”, “graphic learning” and some games as well. The interface in the system was called: Musiccolour
Musiccolour was developed in by Virgin Multimedia for the Commodore CDTV multimedia console and to ‘showcase’ the interactive potential of the new machine. At the time of its development, the Multimedia industry was in its infancy. Many advanced techniques that today are considered commonplace on a multimedia PC, were ground breaking at the time – such as the movement of colour graphics carefully synchronised with sound and music. This software has stood the ‘test of time’ and presents all the smooth functionality one would expect from modern product.
With all these interfaces Sir Tim Berners-Lee (a British computer scientist) born in London, whos parents were early computer scientists, working on one of the earliest computers, Tim was after graduating from Oxford University, became a software engineer at CERN, the large particle physics laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. Scientists come from all over the world to use its accelerators, but Sir Tim noticed that they were having difficulty sharing information.
Already at that time millions of computers were being connected together through the fast-developing internet and Berners-Lee realised they could share information by exploiting an emerging technology called hypertext. In March 1989, Tim laid out his vision for what would become the web in a document called “Information Management: A Proposal”. Believe it or not, Tim’s initial proposal was not immediately accepted. But today we know that this first step for a multi online social and culturel manifestation was becomming the biggest Social network in our time.
Tim also wrote the first web page editor/browser (“WorldWideWeb.app”) and the first web server (“httpd“). By the end of 1990, the first web page was served on the open internet, and in 1991, people outside of CERN were invited to join this new web community. As the web began to grow, Tim realised that its true potential would only be unleashed if anyone, anywhere could use it without paying a fee or having to ask for permission. So, Tim and others advocated to ensure that CERN would agree to make the underlying code available on a royalty-free basis, forever. This decision was announced in April 1993, and sparked a global wave of creativity, collaboration and innovation never seen before.
Thanks to the World Wide Web the Global Communication have today raised to the highest international Social Aspect ever – so what else happen in the world we all know it in seconds. With the end of the twentieth century and the turn of a new millennium, the global arena and the field of international communication were undergoing significant changes. Some authors started to use the term global communication because it goes beyond the bounds of individual states and emphasizes communication between and among peoples across borders and, importantly, the rise of transnational media corporations.
Transcultural Political Economy is a concept that is presented in Global Communications by Paula Chakravartty and Yeuzhi Zhao. This concept looks at global communications and media studies in three major areas: global flows of information and culture, decentralizing the conceptual parameters of global information and media studies, and the normative debates in global communications in the context of neoliberalism. Transcultural Political Economy is a multidisciplinary study that focuses on the tensions between political economy and cultural studies. It “integrate[s] institutional and cultural analyzes and address urgent questions in global communications in the context of economic integration, empire formation, and the tensions associated with adapting new privatized technologies, neoliberalized and globalized institutional structures, and hybrid cultural forms and practices”. Transcultural Political Economy addresses the issues surrounding the practice of neoliberalism and its creation of unequal power structures within the world system.
So, Tim and others advocated to ensure that CERN would agree to make the underlying code available on a royalty-free basis, forever. This decision was announced in April 1993, and sparked a global wave of creativity, collaboration and innovation never seen before. In 2003, the companies developing new web standards committed to a Royalty Free Policy for their work. In 2014, the year we celebrated the web’s 25th birthday, almost two in five people around the world were using it.
Tim moved from CERN to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1994 to found the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an international community devoted to developing open web standards. He remains the Director of W3C to this day.
The early web community produced some revolutionary ideas that are now spreading far beyond the technology sector:
- Decentralisation: No permission is needed from a central authority to post anything on the web, there is no central controlling node, and so no single point of failure … and no “kill switch”! This also implies freedom from indiscriminate censorship and surveillance.
- Non-discrimination: If I pay to connect to the internet with a certain quality of service, and you pay to connect with that or a greater quality of service, then we can both communicate at the same level. This principle of equity is also known as Net Neutrality.
- Bottom-up design: Instead of code being written and controlled by a small group of experts, it was developed in full view of everyone, encouraging maximum participation and experimentation.
- Universality: For anyone to be able to publish anything on the web, all the computers involved have to speak the same languages to each other, no matter what different hardware people are using; where they live; or what cultural and political beliefs they have. In this way, the web breaks down silos while still allowing diversity to flourish.
- Consensus: For universal standards to work, everyone had to agree to use them. Tim and others achieved this consensus by giving everyone a say in creating the standards, through a transparent, participatory process at W3C.
New permutations of these ideas are giving rise to exciting new approaches in fields as diverse as information (Open Data), politics (Open Government), scientific research (Open Access), education, and culture (Free Culture). But to date we have only scratched the surface of how these principles could change society and politics for the better.
In 2009, Sir Tim established the World Wide Web Foundation. The Web Foundation is advancing the Open Web as a means to build a just and thriving society by connecting everyone, raising voices and enhancing participation.
With this in mind: Can a collapse of global civilization be avoided?
We can only say a big YES. Here the Royal Society of Users are coming into the picture, because together we are stronger than whatever country, politically or religious relationship they are driven from, because we are united as Human Beings and have the power of Global Communication to implies a transfer of knowledge and ideas from centers of power to peripheries and the imposition of a new intercultural hegemony by means of the “soft power” of global news and entertainment.
Hello Future – We are calling You!!!